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CHINA ACCORDING TO CARROLL QUIGLEY’S MODEL OF EVOLUTION OF CIVILIZATIONS

Alfred SKORUPKA1

Modeling Development – Between History and the Future

Artykuł w czasopiśmie

Transformacje Nr 3-4 (102-103) 2019 Data publikacji: 11 lutego 2022r.

Artykuł Nr 20220211183100159

Słowa kluczowe: Sinic civilization, Chinese civilization, China, Carroll Quigley, philosophy of civilizations

Streszczenie Carroll Quigley (1910-1977), an American scientist, distinguished seven phases in a development of every civilization: mixture, gestation, expansion, age of conflict, universal empire, decay, invasion. In the case of Middle Kingdom, he identified there two communities: Sinic (2000 BC-400 AD) and Chinese (400-1930). The author of this article develops a theory by Quigley and tries to show when particular phases distinguished by the American scientist appeared in the history of China. Currently, Middle Kingdom seems to be in the period of universal empire. These analysis confirms usefulness of Quigley’s model for examining history of China.

  1. Katedra Inżynierii Produkcji, Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej, Politechnika Śląska, Gliwice, Poland

    E-mail: alfred.skorupka@polsl.pl